• 姓名: 武晓雷
  • 性别: 男
  • 职称: 研究员
  • 学历: 博士
  • 电话: 86-10-82543957
  • 传真: 86-10-82561284
  • 电子邮件: xlwu@imech.ac.cn
  • 通讯地址 北京北四环西路15号中国科学院力学研究所

    简历:

  • 2003.8-现在:研究员,中科院力学研究所非线性力学国家重点实验室,纳米结构材料力学行为及其微结构机理研究课题组长
    2000.11-2003.8:Research Associate, Cleveland State Univ, NASA Joint Laboratory for Materials Research, Ohio, USA
    1998.12:副研究员,中科院力学研究所,非线性力学国家重点实验室
    1996.3-1998.12:博士后,中科院力学研究所,材料工艺研究中心
    1995.12:博士,西北工业大学,材料科学与工程学院

    研究领域:

  • 1. 纳米结构材料力学行为与微结构
    2. 材料的表面与界面

    社会任职:

  • 《金属学报》中/英文版 编委、《力学进展》编委、中国材料研究学会 理事

    获奖及荣誉:

  • 国家自然科学二等奖,“纳米结构金属力学行为尺度效应的微观机理研究”,2013年
    国家百千万人才工程,并被授予“有突出贡献中青年专家”荣誉称号,2014年 
    获得政府特殊津贴,2014年
    中科院力学研究所中青年科技工作一等奖,2000年
     

    代表论著:

  •   表SCI论文110余篇。

    1. Wu XL, Yang MX, Yuan FP, Wu GL, Wei YJ, Huang XX, Zhu YT. Heterogeneous lamella structure unites ultrafine-grain strength with coarse-grain ductility, Proceeding of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America,112(47)14501-14505(2015)
    2. Wu XL, Yuan FP, Yang MX, Jiang P, Zhang CX, Chen L, Wei YG, Ma E. Nanodomained nickel unite nanocrystal strength with coarse-grain ductility, Scientific Reports, 5, 11728 (2015)
    3. Yuan FP, Wu XL. Size effect and boundary type on the strengthening of nanoscale domains in pure nickel, Materials Science and Engineering A, 648, 243-251 (2015)
    4. Wang W, Yuan FP, Wu XL. Smaller critical size and enhanced strength by nano-laminated structure in nickel, Computational Materials Science, 110, 83-90 (2015)
    5. Yuan FP, Wu XL. Size effect and atomistic deformation mechanisms of hierarchically nanotwinned fcc metals under nanoindentation, Journal of Materials Science, 50, 7557-7567 (2015)
    6. Yuan FP, Bian XD, Jiang P, Yang MX, Wu XL. Dynamic shear response and evolution mechanisms of adiabatic shear band in an ultrafine-grained austenite-ferrite duplex steel, Mechanics of Materials, 89, 47-58 (2015)
    7. Li WB, Yuan FP, Wu XL. Atomistic tensile deformation mechanisms of Fe with gradient nano-grained structure, AIP Advances, 5, 087120 (2015)
    8. Wu XL, Jiang P, Chen L, Yuan FP, Zhu YT. Extraordinary strain hardening by gradient structure,Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 111(20), 7197-7201 (2014)
    9. Wu XL, Jiang P, Chen L, Zhang JF, Yuan FP, Zhu YT. Synergetic strengthening by gradient structure, Materials Research Letters, 2(4), 185-191 (2014)
    10. Yang XS, Sun S, Wu XL, Ma E, Zhang TY. Dissecting the Mechanism of Martensitic Transformation via Atomic-Scale Observations, Scientific Reports, 4,6141 (2014)
    11. Li JJ, Wu XL, Soh AK. On nanograin rotation by dislocation climb in nanocrystalline materials, Scripta Materialia, 78-79, 5-8 (2014)
    12. Li JJ, Chen SH, Wu XL, Soh AK. Strong crack blunting by shear-coupled migration of grain boundaries in nanocrystalline materials, Scripta Materialia, 84-85, 51-54 (2014)   
    13. Li JJ, Chen SH, Wu XL, Soh AK. A physical model revealing strong strain hradenin in nano-grained metals induced by grain size gradient structure,Materials science and engineering A, 620, 16-21 (2014)  
    14. Yuan FP, Wu XL. Scaling laws and deformation mechanisms of nanoporous copper under adiabatic uniaxial strain compression, AIP Advances 4,127109 (2014)
    15. Chen L, Yuan FP, Jiang P, Xie JJ, Wu XL. Simultaneous improvement of tensile strength and ductility in micro-duplex structure consisting of austentite and ferrite, Materials Science and Engineering A, 618, 563-571 (2014)  
    16. Yuan FP, Chen P, Wu XL. Tensile deformation mechanisms of the hierarchical structure consisting of both twin-free grains and nanotwinned grains, Philosophical Magazine Letters,94(8), 514-521 (2014)
    17. Yuan FP, Chen L, Jiang P, Wu XL. Twin boundary spacing effects on shock response and spall behaviors of hierarchically nanotwinned fcc metals, Journal of Applied Physics, 115, 063509 (2014)
    18. Yuan FP, Wu XL. Hydrostatic pressure effects on deformation mechanisms of nanocrystalline fcc metals, Computational Materials Science, 85, 8-15 (2014)
    19. Yuan FP, Wu XL. Atomistic scale fracture behaviors in hierarchically nanotwinned metals, Philosophical Magazine, 93, 3248-3259 (2013)
    20. Yuan FP, Wu XL. Formation sequences and roles of multiple deformation twins during the plastic deformation in nanocrystalline fcc metals, Materials Science and Engineering A, 580, 58-65 (2013)  
    21. Yuan FP, Wu XL. Size effects of primary/secondary twins on the atomistic deformation mechanisms in hierarchically nanotwinned metals, Journal of Applied Physics, 113, 203516 (2013).
    22. Zhu YT, Liao XZ, Wu XL. Deformation twinning in nanocrystalline materials, Progress in Materials Science 57, 1-62 (2012)
    23. Wei QM, Pan ZL, Wu XL, Schuster BE, Kecskes LJ, Valiev RZ. Microstructure and mechanical properties at different length scales and strain rates of nanocrystalline tantalum produced by high-pressure torsion, Acta Materialia 59(6), 2423-2436(2011)  
    24. Wu XL, Youssef KM, Koch CC, Mathaudhu SN, Kecskes LJ, Zhu YT. Deformation twinning in a nanocrystalline hcp Mg alloy, Scripta Materialia 64(3), 213-216 (2011)
    25. Xu WC, Dai PQ, Wu XL, Tang D. Study on nanocrystalline dual phase Ni-Co alloy with high strength and excellent ductility, Materials Science and Technology 27(1), 320-324(2011)
    26. Zhu YT, Wu XL, Liao XZ, Narayan J, Kecskes LJ, Mathaudhu SN. Dislocation-twin interactions in nanocrystalline fcc metals, Acta Materialia 59(2), 812-821(2011)   
    27. Li JJ, Chen SH, Wu XL, Soh A , Lu J. The main factor influencing the tensile properties of surface nano-crystallized graded materials, Materials Science and Engineering A 527(26), 7040-7044(2010)   
    28. Xu WC, Dai PQ, Wu XL. Effect of stress-induced grain growth during room temperature tensile deformation on ductility in nanocrystalline metals, Bulletin of Materials Science 33(5), 561-568 (2010)   
    29. Wu XL, Zhu YT, Wei YG, Wei Q. Strong Strain Hardening in Nanocrystalline Nickel, Physical Review Letters 103, 205504 (2009)   
    30. Zhu YT, Wu XL, Liao ZX, Narayan J, Mathaudhu SN, and Kecskés LJ. Twinning partial multiplication at grain boundary in nanocrystalline fcc metals, Applied Physics Letters 95, 031909 (2009)   
    31. Zhu YT, Narayan J, Hirth JP, Mahajan S, Wu XL, Liao XZ. Formation of Single and Multiple Deformation Twins in Nanocrystalline fcc Metals, Acta Materialia 57, 3763 (2009)   
    32. Wu XL, Guo YZ, Wei Q, Wang WH. Prevalence of Shear Banding in Compression of Zr41Ti14Cu12.5Ni10Be22.5 Pillars as Small as 150 nm in Diameter, Acta Materialia 57, 3562 (2009)   
    33. Zhang XY, Wu XL, Zhu AW. Growth of deformation twins in room-temperature rolled nanocrystalline nickel, Applied Physics Letters 94, 121907 (2009)   
    34. Wu XL. Plastic deformation of nanocrystalline nickel, Science in China Series E 52 (8), 2216-2221 (2009)   
    35. Li PY, Cao ZH, Zhang XY, Wu XL, Huang YN, Meng XK. Curie transition of nc nickel by mechanical spectroscopy and magnetization study, Chinese Physics Letters 26, 036102 (2009 )   
    36. Wu XL, Zhu YT. Inverse grain-size effect on twinning in nanocrystalline Ni, Physical Review Letters 101, 025503 (2008)   
    37. Wu XL, Liao XZ, Srinivasan SG, Zhou F, Lavernia EJ, Valiev RZ, Zhu YT. New deformation twinning mechanism generates zero macroscopic strain in nanocrystalline metals, Physical Review Letters 100, 095701 (2008)   
    38. Wu XL, Narayan J, Zhu YT. Deformation twin formed by self-thickening, cross-slip mechanism in nanocrystalline Ni, Applied Physics Letters 93, 031910 (2008)   
    39. Zhang XY, Wu XL, Liu Q, Zuo RL, Zhu AW, Jiang P, Wei QM. Phase transformation accommodated plasticity in nanocrystalline nickel, Applied Physics Letters 93, 031901 (2008)   
    40. Zhu YT, Liao XZ, Wu XL. Deformation twinning in bulk nanocrystalline metals: Experimental observations, JOM. 60, 60-64 (2008)   
    41. Zhang XY, Liu Q, Wu XL, Zhu AW. Work softening and annealing hardening of deformed nanorystalline nickel, Applied Physics Letters 93, 261907 (2008)   
    42. Wu XL, Ma E. Dislocations and twins in nanocrystalline Ni after severe plastic deformation: the effects of grain size, 14th International Conference on the Strength of Materials (ICSMA 14). Materials Science and Engineering A 483, 84-86 (2008)   
    43. Li PY, Zhang XY, Wu XL, Huang YN, Meng XK. Internal friction of bend-deformed nanocrystalline nickel by mechanical spectroscopy, Chinese Physics Letters 25, 4339-4341 (2008)   
    44. Xie JJ, Wu XL, Hong YS. Study on fatigue crack nucleation of electrode posited nanocrystalline nickel, 7th International Conference on Fracture and Strength of Solids. Advances in Fracture and Materials Behavior 33-37, 925-930 (2008)   
    45. Wang ZJ, Wu XL, Hong YS. Torsion fracture behavior of drawn pearlitic steel wires with different heat treatments, 7th International Conference on Fracture and Strength of Solids. Advances in Fracture and Materials Behavior 33-37, 41-46 (2008)   
    46. Wu XL, Tao NR, Wei QM, Jiang P, Lu J, Lu K. Microstructural evolution and formation of nanocrystalline intermetallic compound during surface mechanical attrition treatment of cobalt, Acta Materialia 55, 5768-5779 (2007)   
    47. Wu XL, Li B, Ma E. Vacancy clusters in ultrafine grained Al by severe plastic deformation, Applied Physics Letters 91, 141908 (2007)   
    48. Wu XL, Qi Y, Zhu YT. Partial-mediated slips in nanocrystalline Ni at high strain rate, Applied Physics Letters 90, 221911 (2007)   
    49. Wu XL, Ma E. Accommodation of large plastic strains and defect accumulation in nanocrystalline Ni grains, Journal of Materials Research 22, 2241-2253 (2007)   
    50. Jiang P, Wei QM, Hong YS, Lu J, Wu XL. In situ synthesis of nanocrystalline intermetallic layer during surface plastic deformation of zirconium, Surface & Coating Technology 202, 583-589 (2007)   
    51. Xie JJ, Wu XL, Hong YS. Shear bands at the fatigue crack tip of nanocrystalline nickel, Scripta Materialia 57, 5-8 (2007)   
    52. Wu XL, Ma E, Zhu YT. Deformation defects in nanocrystalline nickel, Nanomaterisls - Materials and Processing for Functional Applications held at the 2006 TMS Spring Meeting. Journal of Materials Science 42, 1427-1432 (2007)   
    53. Ma E, Shen TD, Wu XL. Nanostructured metals: Less is more, Nature Materials 5, 515-516 (2006)   
    54. Wu XL, Zhu YT. Partial-dislocation-mediated processes in nanocrystalline Ni with nonequilibrium grain boundaries, Applied Physics Letters 89, 031922 (2006)   
    55. Wu XL, Ma E. Dislocations in nanocrystalline grains, Applied Physics Letters 88, 231911 (2006)   
    56. Wu XL, Zhu YT, Ma E. Predictions for partial-dislocation-mediated processes in nanocrystalline Ni by generalized planar fault energy curves: An experimental evaluation, Applied Physics Letters 88, 121905 (2006)   
    57. Wu XL, Ma E. Deformation twinning mechanisms in nanocrystalline Ni, Applied Physics Letters 88, 061905 (2006)   
    58. Wu XL, Zhu YT, Chen MW, Ma E. Twinning and stacking fault formation during tensile deformation of nanocrystalline Ni, Scripta Materialia 54, 1685-1690 (2006)     
    59. Wu XL, Tao NR, Hong YS, Liu G, Xu B, Lu J, Lu K. Strain-induced grain refinement of cobalt during surface mechanical attrition treatment, Acta Materialia 53, 681-691 (2005)   
    60. Wu XL, Tao NR, Hong YS, Lu J, Lu K. gamma→ epsilon martensite transformation and twinning deformation in fcc cobalt during surface mechanical attrition treatment, Scripta Materialia 52, 547-551 (2005)  
    61. Wu XL, Tao NR, Hong YS, Lu J, Lu K. Localized solid-state amorphization at grain boundaries in a nanocrystalline Al solid solution subjected to surface mechanical attrition, Journal of Physics D-Applied Physics 38, 4140-4143 (2005)
    62. Zhang XY, Wu XL, Xia BY, Zhou MZ, Zhou SJ, Jia C. Step structure in cold-rolled deformed nanocrystalline nickel, Chinese Physics Letters 22, 2335-2337 (2005)   
    63. Zhang XY, Hu ZL, Wu XL, Xia BY, Zhou MZ, Zhou SJ, Jia C. A study on the microstructure characteristic of the cold-rolled deformed nanocrystalline nickel,Reviews on Advanced Materials Science 10, 181-184 (2005) 
    64. Tao NR, Wu XL, Sui ML, Lu J, Lu K. Grain refinement at the nanoscale via mechanical twinning and dislocation interaction in a nickel-based alloy, Journal of Materials Research 19, 1623-1629 (2004)
    65. Wei YG, Zhu C, Wu XL. Micro-scale mechanics of the surface-nanocrystalline Al-alloy material, Science in China Series G-Physics Astronomy 47, 86-100 (2004)   
    66. Wu XL, Tao NR, Hong YS, Xu B, Lu J, Lu K. Microstructure and evolution of mechanically-induced ultrafine grain in surface layer of AL-alloy subjected to USSP, Acta Materialia 50, 2075-2084 (2002)   
    67. Wu XL, Xu B, Hong YS. Synthesis of thick Ni66Cr5Mo4Zr6P15B4 amorphous alloy coating and large glass-forming ability by laser cladding, Materials Letters 56, 838-841 (2002)   
    68. Wu XL, Hong YS. Surface amorphous and crystalline microstructure by alloying zirconium using Nd: YAG pulsed laser, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A-Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science 31, 3123-3127 (2000)   
    69. Wu XL, Hong YS. Microstructural evolution of a laser-cladded coating, Scripta Meterialia 43, 123-127 (2000)

    承担科研项目情况:

  • 梯度层片纳米晶结构的均匀拉伸塑性与应变硬化机理研究,国家自然科学基金(负责人,No,11572328)2016.1-2019.12

    梯度纳米结构表层材料的微观塑性行为,国家自然科学基金 (负责人,No.11072243),2011.1-2013.12

    多级纳米结构的稳定性研究及部分多级纳米金属材料的工业应用探索,国家重大科学研究计划研究项目(学术骨干,No.2012CB932203),2012.1-2016.08

    纳米材料及结构力学行为的表征理论和参量确定,国家重大科学研究计划研究项目(学术骨干,No.2012CB937500),2012.1-2016.08

    六方结构纳米金属的塑性变形机制,国家自然科学基金 (负责人,No.50471086),2005.1-2007.12

    亚稳态超细/纳米晶粒组织的塑性变形机制与力学性能,国家自然科学基金 (负责人,No. 50571110),2006.1-2008.12

    材料介观尺度效应的结构特征,国家重大基础研究项目(学术骨干,No. 2010CB631004 ),2005.1-2009.12 

    中国科学院知识创新工程重大项目 (子课题负责人) 2007-2010 

    国家安全重大基础问题研究项目 (子课题负责人,No. 6138504),2009-2015

    纳米晶金属的塑性行为及其微结构机理,国家自然科学基金 (负责人,No.11072243)2010-2012

    课题组成员:袁福平 副研究员,姜萍 助理研究员,杨沐鑫博士后,刘丽凤 博士后,刘小龙博士后
                 研究生:陈科蓓,邢俊霞,王为,马彦,费恒孝,卞祥德,王雯,张健,刘志华(联合培养),程庆顺(联合培养)
     
    欢迎研究人员、博士后、博士生及硕士生加入我们的团队!