• 姓名: 洪友士
  • 性别: 男
  • 职称: 研究员
  • 学历: 博士
  • 电话: 
  • 传真: 
  • 电子邮件: hongys@imech.ac.cn
  • 通讯地址 北京 北四环西路15号,中国科学院力学研究所,100190

    简历:

  •     洪友士,博士,1951年7月生;研究员,博士生导师。曾任中科院力学所所长(1998-2006), 副所长(1994-1998)。

        主要学术兼职:“Fatigue & Fract. of Eng. Mater. & Struct.” 主编(Editor in Chief);Science China - Physics Mechanics & Astronomy” 副主编;国务院学位委员会学科评议组力学组成员。

        1977年毕业于清华大学机械工程系;1981年在清华大学机械工程系获硕士学位,同年开始在中科院力学所工作;1991年在中科院力学所获博士学位。1985年至1986年在加拿大渥太华物理冶金研究所从事断裂力学与断裂物理的合作研究;1989年至1990年在英国谢菲尔德大学机械与化工系从事疲劳短裂纹与缺口裂纹分析的合作研究。

        研究领域为材料力学性能与结构力学,主要学术成果有:钢中第二相颗粒的数量、尺度及分布影响变形、断裂和应力腐蚀开裂的机制;孔边裂纹的应力强度因子和塑性区分析并用于高双向循环应力下孔边裂纹扩展模型;合金材料中疲劳短裂纹萌生和发展群体损伤演化的规律与模型;亚微米/纳米金属材料的微结构和力学行为;合金材料超高周疲劳特性;水中悬浮隧道的动力响应和原型桥设计;等。

        发表论文260余篇;获授权专利13项;获2013年度国家自然科学二等奖(第三获奖人);获1996年度中科院自然科学一等奖(第二获奖人);获1995年度国家杰出青年科学基金;是全国(首批)“百千万人才工程”1995/1996年度第一、二层次入选者;1998年被评为中科院有突出贡献的中青年专家。 已培养博士11名,硕士13名;其中1名获中科院院长奖学金优秀奖,1名获刘永龄奖学金,1名获郭永怀奖学金一等奖,3名获郭永怀奖学金二等奖等。现指导博士生7名,硕士生1名。获1999年度中国科学院“华为奖教金”(中国科学院优秀研究生导师奖)。

    研究领域:

  • 固体力学, 材料力学性能与内部结构

    社会任职:

  • “Fatigue & Fract. of Eng. Mater. & Struct.” 主编(Editor in Chief);《力学进展》,《中国科学G辑》副主编;"Acta Mechanica Sinica",《固体力学学报》,《机械强度》,《应用数学和力学》编委;中国力学学会副理事长,国务院学位委员会学科评议组力学组成员,中国科学院研究生院学位委员会委员。

    获奖及荣誉:

  • 获1996年度中国科学院自然科学一等奖(第二获奖人)。
    获1995年度国家杰出青年科学基金。
    1998年被评为中国科学院有突出贡献的中青年专家。
    全国(首批)“百千万人才工程”1995/1996年度第一、二层次入选者。
    获1999年度中国科学院“华为奖教金”(中国科学院优秀研究生导师奖)。

    代表论著:

  • 发表论文目录:

    1. HONG Youshi*, ZHAO Aiguo, QIAN Guian and ZHOU Chengen. Fatigue strength and crack initiation mechanism of very-high-cycle fatigue for low alloy steels. Metallurgical & Materials Transactions A, 2011, DOI: 10.1007/s11661-011-0816-7

    2. QIAN Guian, ZHOU Chengen and HONG Youshi*. Experimental and theoretical investigation of environmental media on very-high-cycle fatigue behavior for a structural steel. Acta Materialia, 2011, Vol.59, p.1321-1327.

    3. HONG Youshi* and QIAN Gui’an. Effect of aqueous environment on high cycle and very-high-cycle fatigue behavior for a structural steel. Key Engineering Materials, 2011, Vols. 462-463, p.355-360.

    4. ZHAO Aiguo, XIE Jijia, SUN Chengqi, LEI Zhengqiang and HONG Youshi*. Prediction of threshold value for FGA formation. Materials Science and Engineering A, 2011, Vol.528, p. 6872-6877.

    5. SUN Chengqi, ZHAO Aiguo and HONG Youshi*. Correlation of crack initiation parameters with life estimation for very-high-cycle fatigue of high strength steels. Structural Longevity, 2011, vol.045, no.1, p.1-12.

    6. GE Fei, LU Wei, WANG Lei and HONG Youshi*. Shear flow induced vibrations of long slender cylinders with a wake oscillator model. Acta Mechanica Sinica, 2011, Vol.27, no.3, p.330-338.

    7. LU Wei, GE Fei, Wang Lei, WU Xiaodong and Hong Youshi. On the slack phenomena and snap force in tethers of submerged floating tunnels under wave conditions. Marine Structures, 2011, Vol.24, no.4, p.358-376.

    8. LAN Jiaoxia, WU Yongzhong and HONG Youshi. A micromechanical model for deformation behavior of nanocrystalline copper. Advanced Materials Research, 2011, Vols. 152-153, p. 772-777.

    9. HONG Youshi*, QIAN Guian and ZHOU Chengen. On the competition of crack initiation site at surface or from interior of high strength steels at high cycle and very-high-cycle fatigue regimes. Invited lecture, Proceedings of the 2nd China-Japan Joint Symposium on Fatigue of Engineering Materials and Structures, Chengdu-Jiuzhai, China, Oct. 17-20, 2011, p.17-20.

    10. QIAN Guian, HONG Youshi and ZHOU Chengen. Investigation of high cycle and very-high-cycle Fatigue behaviors for a structural steel with smooth and notched specimens. Engineering Failure Analysis, 2010, Vol.17, p.1517-1525.

    11. XIE Ziling, XIE Jijia, HONG Youhi* and WU Xiaolei. Influence of processing temperature on microstructure and microhardness of copper subjected to high-pressure torsion. Science China- Technological Sciences, 2010, Vol.53, no.6, p.1534-1539.

    12. 兰姣霞,洪友士*. 纳米晶材料变形行为的微观力学分析.《固体力学学报》, 2010, Vol.31, no.1, p.1-7.

    13. HONG Youshi and ZHAO Aiguo. Effects of loading frequency and strength level on high-cycle and very-high-cycle fatigue behavior for a low alloy steel. Invited lecture, 2nd China-Japan Symp on Fatigue & Strength of Metallic Materials, March 5-6, 2010, Kusatsu, Japan.

    14. 赵爱国,洪友士,谢季佳. 加载频率对金属材料超高周疲劳性能的影响. 第十五届全国疲劳与断裂学术会议摘要及论文集,广东佛山,2010年11月,p.97-98.

    15. 雷铮强,洪友士,谢季佳,赵爱国. 金属材料超高周疲劳行为的Monte-Carlo模拟. 第十五届全国疲劳与断裂学术会议摘要及论文集,广东佛山,2010年11月,p.73-74.

    16. HONG Youshi* and GE Fei. Dynamic response and structural integrity of submerged floating tunnel due to hydrodynamic load and accidental load. Proceedings of 1st International Symposium on Archimedes Bridge, Qiandao Lake, China, Elsevier, Procedia Engineering, 2010, Vol.4, p.35-50.

    17. GE Fei, LU Wei, WU Xiaodong and HONG Youshi. Fluid-structure interaction of submerged floating tunnel in wave field. Proceedings of 1st International Symposium on Archimedes Bridge, Qiandao Lake, China, Elsevier, Procedia Engineering, 2010, Vol.4, p.263-271.

    18. LU Wei, GE Fei, WANG Lei and HONG Youshi*. Slack phenomena in tethers of submerged floating tunnel under hydrodynamic loads. Proceedings of 1st International Symposium on Archimedes Bridge, Qiandao Lake, China, Elsevier, Procedia Engineering, 2010, Vol.4, p.243-251.

    19. WU Xiaodong, GE Fei and HONG Youshi*. Effect of traveling wave on vortex-induced vibrations of submerged floating tunnel tethers. Proceedings of 1st International Symposium on Archimedes Bridge, Qiandao Lake, China, Elsevier, Procedia Engineering, 2010, Vol.4, p.153-160.

    20. ZHANG Shuangyin, WANG Lei and HONG Youshi. Structural analysis and safety assessment of submerged floating tunnel prototype in Qiandao Lake (China). Proceedings of 1st International Symposium on Archimedes Bridge, Qiandao Lake, China, Elsevier, Procedia Engineering, 2010, Vol.4, p.179-187.

    21. ZHANG Shuangyin, WANG Lei and HONG Youshi. Vibration behavior and response to an accidental collision of SFT prototype in Qiandao Lake (China). Proceedings of 1st International Symposium on Archimedes Bridge, Qiandao Lake, China, Elsevier, Procedia Engineering, 2010, Vol.4, p.189-197.

    22. LEI Zhengqiang, XIE Jijia, ZHAI Aiguo and HONG Youshi*. A simulation on microstructure sensitivity to very-high-cycle fatigue behavior of metallic materials. Proceedings of 1st International Symposium on Archimedes Bridge, Qiandao Lake, China, Elsevier, Procedia Engineering, 2010, Vol.4, p.225-232.

    23. 谢子令,武晓雷,谢季佳,洪友士. 高压扭转Cu试样微观组织的热稳定性分析.《金属学报》, 2010, Vol.46, no.4, p.458-465.

    24. 谢子令,武晓雷,谢季佳,洪友士. 转速对高压扭转Cu 试样的组织与性能的影响.《材料热处理学报》, 2010, Vol.31, no.11, p.109-115.

    25. LONG Xu, GE Fei, WANG Lei and HONG Youshi*. Effects of fundamental structure parameters on dynamic responses of submerged floating tunnel under hydrodynamic loads. Acta Mechanica Sinica, 2009, Vol.25, p.335-344.

    26. GE Fei, LONG Xu, WANG Lei and HONG Youshi. Flow-induced vibrations of long circular cylinders modeled by coupled nonlinear oscillators. Science in China Series G, Physics, Mechanics & Astronomy, 2009, Vol.52, p.1086-1093.

    27. 洪友士*,赵爱国,钱桂安. 合金材料超高周疲劳行为的基本特征和影响因素.《金属学报》, 2009, Vol.45, no.7, p.769-780.

    28. 谢季佳,洪友士. 纳米晶Ni疲劳行为的实验研究.《金属学报》, 2009, Vol.45, no.7, p.844-848.

    29. 钱桂安,洪友士*. 环境介质对40Cr结构钢高周和超高周疲劳行为的影响.《金属学报》, 2009, Vol.45, no.11, p.1356-1363.

    30. 上官丰收, 钱桂安, 洪友士. 限定型高压扭转变形分析. 《塑性工程学报》, 2009, Vol.16, no.1, p.134-137.

    31. 葛斐,龙旭,王雷,洪友士. 水中悬浮隧道管段锚索耦合模型涡激振动的研究.《中国公路学报》, 2009, Vol.22, no.3, p.83-88.

    32. 陆维,葛斐,王雷,龙旭,洪友士. 不同浮重比水中悬浮隧道动力特性的实验研究. 第18届全国结构工程学术会议论文集,工程力学杂志社, 广州, 2009年11月, no.III, p.Ⅲ-601-607.

    33. HONG Youshi*, GE Fei and LONG Xu. Researches on essential mechanics issues for submerged floating tunnel. Proceedings of the fifth Symposium on Strait Crossings, June 21-24, 2009, Trondheim, Norway, p.251-256.

    34. LONG Xu, GE Fei, WANG Lei and HONY Youshi*. Influences of structural damping and buoyancy-weight ratio on dynamic responses of submerged floating tunnel. Proceedings of the fifth Symposium on Strait Crossings, June 21-24, 2009, Trondheim, Norway, p.245-250.

    35. GE Fei, LONG Xu, WANG Lei and HONG Youshi. Two-dimensional vortex-induced vibrations of submerged floating tunnel tethers. Proceedings of the fifth Symposium on Strait Crossings, June 21-24, 2009, Trondheim, Norway, p.173-178.

    36. HONG Youshi*, QIAN Gui’an and ZHOU Cheng’en. Experiment and simulation of very-high-cycle fatigue behavior for low alloy steels. Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Fracture, July 12-17, 2009, Ottawa, Canada, ICF12 CD-ROM, T26.003. (Book of Abstract p.284).

    37. ZHANG Shuangyin, XIE Ziling and HONG Youshi. Damage assessment and preservation of suspending system of Yongle-Big-Bell. Protection of Historical Buildings, PROHITECH 09, Proceedings of International Conference “Protection of Historical Buildings by Reversible Mixed Technologies”, Mazzolani F. M. (ed), Taylor & Francis Group, London, Rome, Italy, June 21-24, 2009, p.487-492.

    38. 葛斐,王雷,陆维,洪友士. 剪切流中大长细比圆柱体的二维涡激振动. 第九届全国水动力学学术会议论文集,海洋出版社,成都, 2009年8月, p.125-131.

    39. 洪友士, 钱桂安, 赵爱国. 加载环境对合金材料超高周疲劳行为的影响. 超长寿命疲劳与断裂研讨会暨国内第二届VHCF会议文集,邀请报告,成都, 2009年8月, p.13-21.

    40. 赵爱国,钱桂安,谢季佳,洪友士. 40Cr钢的最大夹杂尺寸估计与疲劳强度预测. 超长寿命疲劳与断裂研讨会暨国内第二届VHCF会议文集,成都, 2009年8月, p.89-96.

    41. 洪友士,赵爱国,钱桂安. 强度状态对合金材料超高周疲劳行为的影响. 2009年度海峡两岸工程力学研讨会文集,邀请报告,重庆-成都, 2009年8月, p.152-156.

    42. LAN Jiaoxia and HONG Youshi*. Micromechanics modeling of strength for nanocrystalline copper. Archive of Applied Mechanics, 2008, Vol.78, no.6, p.465-476.

    43. 葛斐,惠磊,洪友士,水中悬浮隧道在波浪场中非线性动力响应的研究. 《应用力学学报》, 2008, Vol.25, no.2, p.207-211.

    44. 惠磊, 葛斐, 洪友士. 水中悬浮隧道在冲击载荷作用下的计算模型与数值模拟.《工程力学》 , 2008, Vol.25, no.2, p.209-213.

    45. 葛斐,惠磊,洪友士. 波浪场中水中悬浮隧道动力响应的研究. 《工程力学》, 2008, Vol.25, no.6, p.188-194.

    46. WANG Zhijia, WU Xiaolei and HONG Youshi*. Torsion fracture behavior of drawn pearlitic steel wires with different heat treatments. Advanced Materials Research, 2008, Vol.33-37, p.41-46.

    47. XIE Jijia, WU Xiaolei and HONG Youshi. Study on fatigue crack nucleation of electrodeposited nanocrystalline nickel. Advanced Materials Research, 2008, Vol.33-37, p.925-930.

    48. 兰姣霞,王志甲,洪友士*. 高能气动喷丸致纯铜细晶化的实验与模拟.《中国科学院研究生院学报》, 2008, Vol.25, no.2, p.172-176.

    49. 谢子令,武晓雷,谢季佳,洪友士*. 高压扭转铜试样的微观组织与压缩性能. 《金属学报》, 2008, Vol.44, no.7, p.803-809.

    50. 谢季佳,徐娟,洪友士. 利用迹线测量晶体材料中特征面取向的EBSD方法.《电子显微学报》, 2008, Vol.27, no.4, p.271-274.

    51. 上官丰收董满生洪友士. 限定型高压扭转过程变形研究.《合肥工业大学学报:自然科学版》, 2008, Vol.31, no.8, p.1292-1295.

    52. XIE Ziling and HONG Youshi*. Microstructure and mechanical properties of copper subjected to high pressure torsion. Advances in Heterogeneous Material Mechanics 2008, Proceedings of 2nd ICHMM, June 3-8, 2008, Huangshan, China, p.411-414.

    53. QIAN Guian and HONG Youshi. Experimental investigation of very-high-cycle fatigue behavior for a structural steel. Advances in Heterogeneous Material Mechanics 2008, Proceedings of 2nd ICHMM, June 3-8, 2008, Huangshan, China, p.1199-1202.

    54. HONG Youshi*, WU Xiaolei, LIU Junliang, WANG Junyi, SHEN Wei, WANG Zhijia and XIE Ziling. Investigation of torsion ductility degradation of high strength steel wire. Baosteel BAC 2008, Shanghai, China, September 2008.

    55. XIE Ziling and HONG Youshi*. High pressure torsion induced nano-crystallization of copper specimen and its deformation mechanism. Invited lecture, Proceedings of the 2008 Cross Strait Workshop on Engineering Mechanics, Sep.26-Oct.2, 2008, Tainan, p.198-204.

    56. HONG Youshi and QIAN Gui’an. Degradation of fatigue fesistance in very-high-cycle fatigue regime for a structural steel due to aqueous and 3.5% NaCl environment, Invited lecture, Proceedings of the 1st Japan-China Joint Symposium on Fatigue of Engineering Materials and Structures, Nov. 20, 2008, Kyoto, Japan, p.80-83.

    57. 洪友士,钱桂安,周承恩. 低合金钢超高周疲劳的基本特征与机理. 大会特邀报告, 第十四届全国疲劳与断裂学术会议论文集, 2008年10月, 《结构强度研究》, 2008增刊, p.42-50.

    58. 谢季佳,洪友士. 纳米晶镍疲劳行为的实验研究. 第十四届全国疲劳与断裂学术会议论文集, 2008年10月.《结构强度研究》, 2008增刊, p.483-487.

    59. 龙旭,葛斐,王雷,洪友士. 不同浮重比的水中悬浮隧道在波流载荷下动力响应的研究.第17届全国结构工程学术会议论文集,工程力学杂志社, 武汉, 2008年11月, no.III, p.Ⅲ-556-561.

    60. XIE Jijia, WU Xiaolei and HONG Youshi. Shear bands at the fatigue crack tip of nanocrystalline nickel. Scripta Materialia, 2007, Vol.57, p.5-8.

    61. HONG Youshi, SHANGGUAN Fengshou and XIE Ziling. Grain refinement and hardness increase of copper subjected to high pressure torsion. TMS 136th Annual Meeting & Exhibition, Orlando, USA, February 2007, p.121.

    62. 上官丰收, 谢季佳, 洪友士*. 高压扭转致纯铜试样晶粒细化及与应变的关系. 《材料研究学报》, 2007, Vol.21, no.1, p.72-76.

    63. 谢子令,武晓雷,洪友士. 微纳米晶金属的应变率敏感性及应变硬化行为分析. 《固体力学学报》, 2007, Vol.28, no.1, p.43-48.

    64. 葛 斐,惠 磊,洪友士. 水中悬浮隧道锚索在剪切流中的涡激响应. 《中国科学院研究生院学报》, 2007, Vol.24, no.3, p.351-356.

    65. 谢季佳,何发泉,洪友士. 确定ZnO晶体生长方向的电子背散射衍射方法. 《电子显微学报》, 2007, Vol.26, no.1, p.14-18.

    66. DONG Mansheng, GE Fei, ZHANG Shuangyin and HONG Youshi*. Dynamic equations for curved submerged floating tunnel. Applied Mathematics and Mechanics, 2007, Vol.28, no.10, p.1299-1308.

    67. 董满生, 葛斐, 惠磊, 洪友士. 水中悬浮隧道研究进展. 《中国公路学报》, 2007, Vol.20, no.4, p.101-107.

    68. 葛斐,惠磊,洪友士. 水中悬浮隧道锚索的非线性涡激振动研究. 《中国公路学报》, 2007,  Vol.20, no.6, p.85-89.

    69. 谢季佳,段桂花,武晓雷,洪友士. 电解沉积纳米镍退火析出相的EBSD分析. 《中国体视学与图像分析》, 2007, Vol.12, no.4, p.250-253.

    70. ZHOU Jia, SUN Caiyun, WU Xiaolei, TAO Nairong, Liu Gang, MENG Xiangkang and HONG Youshi. Nanocrystalline formation during mechanical attrition of cobalt. Materials Science Forum, 2006, Vols.503-504, p.751-756.

    71. FENG Xiuyan, CHENG Ziying, WU Xiaolei, Wang Tzu Chiang and Hong Youshi. Twinning in nanocrystalline Ni by severe plastic deformation. Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, 2006, Vol.39, p.746-749.

    72. FENG Xiuyan, CHENG Ziying, ZHOU Jia, WU Xiaolei, WANG Ziqiang and HONG Youshi. Deformation twinning in nanocrystalline Ni during cryogenic rolling. Chinese Physics Letters, 2006, Vol.23, no.2, p.420-422.

    73. ZHOU Cheng’en, QIAN Gui’an and HONG Youshi*. Fractography and crack initiation of very-high-cycle fatigue for a high carbon low alloy steel. Key Engineering Materials, 2006, Vols.324-325, p.1113-1116.

    74. WU Xiaolei, HONG Youshi, TAO Nairong, MENG Xiangkang, LU Jian and LU Ke. Synthesis of nanocrystalline intermetallic layer by mechanical attrition. TMS Annual Meeting, San Antonio, USA, March 2006, Surfaces and Interfaces in Nanostructured Materials II - Proceedings of Symposium sponsored by the Surface Engineering Committee of the Materials Processing and Manufacturing Division (MPMD) of The Mine, 2006, p.123-130.

    75. WU Xiaolei, MA En, HONG Youshi and LU Ke. Deformation twinning mechanism in nanocrystalline Ni. Proceedings of 14th International Conference on the Strength of Materials, Xi’an, China, June 2006, p.118.

    76. XIE Ziling, WU Xiaolei and HONG Youshi. Strain rate sensitivity and strain hardening in nanocrystalline copper. Proceedings of 14th International Conference on the Strength of Materials, Xi’an, China, June 2006, p.120.

    77. 张骥, 董满生, 葛斐, 洪友士. 计及轴向压力的方管节点塑性铰线模型. 《固体力学学报》, 2006, Vol.27, no.2, p.127-134.

    78. 董满生, 葛斐, 洪友士. 曲线形水中悬浮隧道的温度内力研究. 《工程力学》, 2006, Vol.23, Sup.1, p.21-24.

    79. 葛斐, 董满生, 惠磊, 洪友士. 水中悬浮隧道锚索在波流场中的涡激动力响应. 《工程力学》, 2006, Vol.23, Sup.1, p.217-221.

    80. 惠磊, 葛斐, 洪友士. 水中悬浮隧道在均匀来流作用下的动力响应. 第15届全国结构工程会议论文集,工程力学杂志社,焦作,中国,2006.10.13-17, Vol.III, p.422-426.

    81. WU Xiaolei, TAO Nairong, HONG Youshi, LIU Gang, XU Bingshe, LU Jian and LU Ke. Strain induced grain refinement of cobalt during surface mechanical attrition treatment. Acta Materialia, 2005, Vol.53, 681-691.

    82. WU Xiaolei, TAO Nairong, HONG Youshi, LU Jian and LU Ke, Martensite transformation and twinning deformation in fcc cobalt during surface mechanical attrition treatment. Scripta Materialia, 2005, Vol.52, no.7, p.547-551.

    83. WU Xiaolei, TAO Nairong, HONG Youshi, Lu Jian and Lu Ke. Localized solid-state amorphization at grain boundaries in nanocrystalline Al solid solution subjected to surface mechanical attrition. Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, 2005, Vol. 38, p.4140-4143.

    84. HONG Youshi* and ZHAO Yibing, Microstructure and fatigue resistance of a stainless steel with its surface subjected to pulsed laser treatment. In G.C.Sih and T.Vu-Khanh eds. Materials for Safety and Health, Mesoscopic and Multiscale Consideration in Modern Science and Engineering. 2005, p.351-357.

    85. 谢季佳,上官丰收,武晓雷,洪友士. 确定断裂表面晶体学取向的电子背散射衍射方法. 《电子显微学报》, 2005, Vol.24, no.6, p.547-550.

    86. 孙彩云, 武晓雷, 洪友士. 表面纳米化Zr的拉伸性能.  《材料热处理学报》, 2005, Vol. 26, p.73-75.

    87. 谢子令,武晓雷,洪友士. 纳米金属的率敏感性及应变硬化特征. 《中国力学学会学术大会’2005论文摘要集》,北京,2005年8月, p.858.

    88. 上官丰收,谢季佳,周承恩,武晓雷,洪友士. 高压扭转致纯铜试样晶粒细化. 《中国力学学会学术大会’2005论文摘要集》,北京,2005年8月, p.854.

    89. WU Xiaolei, MA En, HONG Youshi and LU Ke, Deformation twinning mechanisms in nanocrystalline Ni. 《中国力学学会学术大会’2005论文摘要集》,北京,2005年8月, p.857.

    90. HONG Youshi*, ZHAO Yibing, AN Zhongsheng and WANG Huicai. Surface layer rapid melting-solidification due to pulsed laser irradiation and its impact on microstructure and fatigue resistance of metallic alloy. Invited plenary lecture, Proceedings of International Conference on Heterogeneous Material Mechanics (Program and Book of Abstract), Chongqing, June 2004, p.122.

    91. HONG Youshi. Meso-scale experimental investigation on fatigue and fracture of metallic materials. Invited plenary lecture, 3rd Sino-France Workshop on Mechanics and Materials, Troyes, France, July, 2004.

    92. HONG Youshi* and ZHOU Cheng-en. Characteristics of very-high-cycle fatigue for a high carbon low alloy steel. Proceedings of International Congress on Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, Warsaw, Poland, August 2004, p.252.

    93. 周承恩, 洪友士. GCr15钢超高周疲劳断口观察与裂纹起源分析. 《应用力学进展》主编:洪友士,科学出版社,北京,2004年9月, p.204-207.

    94. 周承恩,谢季佳,洪友士. 超高周疲劳研究现状及展望. 《机械强度》, 2004, Vol.26, no.5, p.526-533.

    95. 洪友士. 脉冲激光熔凝的不锈钢表层的微结构和力学性能. 《国家杰出青年科学基金实施十周年纪念文集》(材料科学分册),国家自然科学基金委员会工程与材料科学部编,北京,2004年9月, p.25-29.

    96. 周承恩, 洪友士. GCr15钢超高周疲劳行为的实验研究. 《机械强度》, 2004, Vol.26(S), p.157-160.

    97. 邓忠民,刘敬,赵亦兵,洪友士. 激光毛化技术对18-8不锈钢疲劳性能的研究。《机械强度》, 2004, Vol.26(S), p.154-156.

    98. SUN Caiyun, XIE Jijia, WU Xiaolei, HONG Youshi, LIU Gang, LU Jian and LU Ke, In situ synthesis of nanocrystalline intermetallic compound Layer during surface mechanical attrition treatment of zirconium. 第14届国际热处理及表面工程联合会大会, 上海, 2004年10月.

    99. HONG Youshi*, AN Zhongsheng and WANG Huicai. Numerical simulation for temperature field evolution of metallic alloy surface due to pulsed laser treatment. Key Engineering Materials, 2003, Vols.243-244, p.481-486.

    100. DENG Zhongmin, ZHAO Yibing and HONG Youshi, Influence of microstructure on materials fatigue life with different MSZ coverage rates under contact loads. Key Engineering Materials, 2003, Vols.243-244, p.219-224.

    101. HUI J, WU Xiaolei, TAO Nairong, HONG Youshi, LU Jian and LU Ke. Nanocrystalline microstructure and defects in Al solid solution subjected to surface mechanical attrition treatment. Processing and Properties of Structural Nanomaterials, Shaw L L, Suryanarayana C and Mishra R S, Editors, 2003, p.175-180.

    102. 邓忠民,洪友士,朱晨. SPD纳米材料制备方法及其力学特性. 《力学进展》, 2003, Vol.33, no.1, p.56-64.

    103. 安中胜,王会才,赵亦兵,洪友士*. 脉冲激光导致不锈钢表层温度场演化的模拟. 《中国科学院研究生院学报》, 2003, Vol.20, no.3, p.309-315.

    104. 洪友士,赵亦兵,安中胜,王会才. 脉冲激光致合金表层快速熔凝及其对微结构和力学性能的影响. 《材料的宏微观力学与强韧化设计》主编:黄克智,王自强,清华大学出版社,Springer,北京,2003年7月. p.215-245.

    105. HONG Youshi*, ZHENG Liang and QIAO Yu, Simulations and experiments of stochastic characteristics for collective short fatigue cracks of steels. Fatigue & Fracture of Engineering Materials & Structures, 2002, Vol.25, no.5, p.459-466.

    106. WU Xiaolei, TAO Nairong, HONG Youshi, XU Bingshe, LU Jian and LU Ke. Microstructure and evolution of mechanically-Induced ultrafine grain in surface layer of Al-alloy subjected to USSP. Acta Materialia, 2002, Vol.50, no.8, p.2075-2084.

    107. WU Xiaolei, HONG Youshi, LU Jian and LU Ke. Fabrication and nanostructured surface layers of Al-alloys by surface mechanical attrition. MRS Proceedings, 2002, Vol.697, p.329-334.

    108. WU Xiaolei, XU Bingshe and HONG Youshi. Synthesis of thick Ni66Cr5Mo4Zr6P15B4 amorphous alloy coating and its large glass-forming ability by laser. Materials Letters, 2002, vol.56, p.838-841.

    109. MA Youli, XIE Jijia, HONG Youshi* and DENG Zhongmin. Study on mechanical properties of nanocrystal surface layer of an aluminum alloy. International Journal of Nonlinear Sciences and Numerical Simulation, 2002, Vol. 3, Nos. 3-4 (Special Issue), p.491-494.

    110. WU Xiaolei, HONG Youshi, LU Jiand and LU Ke. Microstructural evolution and defect structures of nanocrystalline surface layer of Al alloy by surface mechanical attrition. The 6th Inter Conf of Nanostructured Mater, Presentation, 2002, Orlando, Florida, USA.

    111. 黄国君,吴应湘,洪友士. 跨越水域交通的阿基米德桥. 《中国造船》, 2002, Vol.43(增), p.13-18.

    112. 武晓雷, 洪友士. 激光熔覆铁基大厚度非晶合金表层的研究. 《材料热处理学报》, 2001, Vol.22, no.1, p.51-54.

    113. WU Xiaolei and HONG Youshi. Microstructure and mechanical properties at TiC/Ni-alloy interfaces in laser-synthesized coatings. Materials Science and Engineering A, 2001, Vol.318A, p.15-21.

    114. WU Xiaolei and HONG Youshi. Interfacial microstructure and mechanical behaviour in laser clad TiC/Ni alloy coatings, Materials Science and Technology, 2001, Vol.17, p.597-600.

    115. WU Xiaolei and HONG Youshi. Fe-based thick amorphous-alloy coating by laser cladding, Surface and Coatings Technology, 2001, Vol.141, p.141-144.

    116. WU Xiaolei and HONG Youshi. Novel Fe70Zr10Ni6Al4Si6B4 thick metallic glass coating produced by laser cladding, Materials Science and Technology, 2001, Vol.17, p.1025-1028.

    117. 邓忠民,张峥,洪友士. 索道吊架失效原因分析. 《力学与实践》, 2001, Vol.23,no.5, p.31-33.

    118. 邓忠民, 洪友士, 诸德超. 复合材料薄壁梁的固有特性分析. 《工程力学》, 2001, 增刊,p.364-368.

    119. 邓忠民, 朱晨, 洪友士. SPD纳米材料制备机理及其力学特性. 《力学与西部开发》 乌鲁木齐, 2001年8月, p.145-146.

    120. 邓忠民,谢季佳,周承恩,洪友士. 材料磨损与MEMS中的磨损现象. 《机械强度》, 2001,Vol.23, no.4, p.511-515.

    121. 洪友士,郑亮,乔宇. 疲劳短裂纹群体损伤随机特征研究. 《力学2000》, 特邀报告,气象出版社,北京,2000年8月, p.70-76.

    122. 邓忠民,赵亦兵,洪友士. 激光熔坑覆盖率对材料表层磨损特性的影响. 《力学2000》,气象出版社,北京,2000年8月, p.604.

    123. 赵亦兵,彭林华,洪友士. 激光离散熔凝强化对合金钢疲劳特性的影响. 《力学2000》,气象出版社,北京,2000年8月, p.605-606.

    124. 武晓雷,洪友士. 激光熔覆表层与基体界面区的力学性质分布特征. 《力学2000》,气象出版社,北京,2000年8月, p.608-609.

    125. YU Hualong and HONG Youshi. Collective evolution characteristics and computer simulation of voids near the crack tip of ductile metal. Key Engineering Materials, 2000, Vol.183-187, p.157-162.

    126. FU Min, HONG Youshi*, MA Youli and LI Shiqiong. Experiments and analyses on tensile behaviour of a TiAl alloy with lamellar structure. Journal of Materials Science, 2000, Vol.35, p.4937-4943.

    127. WU Xiaolei and HONG Youshi. Microstructural evolution of a laser-cladded coating. Scripta Materialia, 2000, Vol.43, p.123-127.

    128. WU Xiaolei and HONG Youshi. Microstructure of Zr-alloyed coating using pulsed laser. Surface and Coatings Technology, 2000, Vol.132, p.194-197.

    129. WU Xiaolei and HONG Youshi. Surface amorphous and crystalline microstructure by alloying zirconium Nd:YAG pulsed laser, Metall Mater Trans A, 2000, Vol.31A, p.3123-3127.

    130. 傅敏,王会才,洪友士. 微米/纳米尺度的材料力学性能测试. 《力学进展》, 2000, Vol.30, no.3, p.391-399.

    131. 傅敏,洪友士. 金属间化合物的强度与断裂. 《固体力学学报》, 2000, Vol.21, (增刊), p.48-53.

    132. 武晓雷,洪友士. 脉冲激光辐照ZrO2涂层的18-8快凝组织与精细结构. 《金属学报》, 2000, Vol.36, no.3, p.239-242.

    133. 武晓雷,洪友士. 激光熔覆TiC/Ni合金涂层中界面结构及界面硬度与弹性模量分布. 《金属学报》, 2000, Vol.36, no.3, p.282-286.

    134. 武晓雷,洪友士. 脉冲激光合金化形成含非晶相表层的微观组织. 《金属学报》, 2000, Vol.36, no.10, p.1041-1044.

    135. 武晓雷, 洪友士. 激光熔覆大厚度Fe57Co8Ni8Zr10Si4B13非晶表层及其微结构研究. 《金属学报》, 2000, Vol.36, no.12, p.1244-1247.

    136. 王军,武晓雷,洪友士. 铁基合金激光熔覆涂层的高温回火组织及其磨损性能. 《钢铁研究学报》, 2000, Vol.12, no.3, p.51-54.

    137. 洪友士. 疲劳短裂纹行为的确定性和随机性. 2000年中国材料研讨会, 分会邀请报告, 北京,2000年11月, p.592.

    138. 谢季佳,洪友士,张永跃,范强. 一种镍基铸造高温合金的断裂观察. 2000年中国材料研讨会,北京,2000年11月, p.597.

    139. 洪友士,乔宇. 疲劳短裂纹向长裂纹转变的条件及影响因素. 第十届全国疲劳与断裂学术会议文集, 特邀报告,广州,2000年12月, p.1-6.

    140. 邓忠民,赵亦兵,洪友士. 激光熔凝覆盖率对材料接触疲劳性能影响的模拟. 第十届全国疲劳与断裂学术会议文集,广州,2000年12月, p.275-279.

    141. WANG Huicai and HONG Youshi. Application of enthalpy method for moving boundary problem in laser surface melting, Acta Mechanica Solida Sinica, 1999, Vol.12, no.3, p.198-205.

    142. HONG Youshi, ZHENG Xiuhua and LIU Na. An experimental investigation on collective damage of short fatigue cracks for a stainless steel. Progress in Mechanical Behaviour of Materials, Proceedings of Eighth International Conference on Mechanical Behaviour of Materials, Canada, May 1999, Vol.1, p.53-56.

    143. HONG Youshi*, QIAO Yu, LIU Na and ZHENG Xiuhua. Collective damage of short cracks and fatigue life estimation for metallic materials. Keynote paper, Fatigue ’99, Proceedings of the Seventh International Fatigue Congress, Beijing, June 1999, Vol.1, p.337-344.

    144. FU Min, HONG Youshi and LI Shiqiong. An investigation on fatigue failure of a plate-type TiAl alloy. Fatigue ’99, Proceedings of the Seventh International Fatigue Congress, Beijing, June 1999, Vol.3, p.1591-1596.

    145. FU Min, HONG Youshi and ZHENG Liang. Two kinds of novel apparatus for fatigue test with plate-shape specimens. Fatigue ’99, Proceedings of the Seventh International Fatigue Congress, Beijing, June 1999, Vol.4, p.2767-2770.

    146. QIAO Yu and HONG Youshi*, Singularity characteristics for a lip-shaped crack subjected to remote biaxial loading. International Journal of Fracture, 1999, Vol.96, no.3, p.203-214.

    147. HONG Youshi* and QIAO Yu. An analysis on overall crack-number-density of short-fatigue-cracks. Mechanics of Materials, 1999, Vol.31, p.525-534.

    148. 王会才,洪友士. Nd:YAG 脉冲激光表面熔凝过程及生成金属玻璃的可能性. 《西南交通大学学报》, 1999, Vol.34, 增刊,p.11-15.

    149. 傅敏,洪友士. 具有层片结构TiAl合金的裂纹萌生. 《西南交通大学学报》, 1999, Vol.34, 增刊,p.75-79.

    150. QIAO Yu and HONG Youshi*. An analysis of collective damage for short fatigue cracks based on equilibrium of crack numerical density, Engineering Fracture Mechanics, 1998, Vol.59, no.2, p.151-163.

    151. HONG Youshi* and QIAO Yu. Analysis of damage moments in the collective evolution of short fatigue cracks. Key Engineering Materials, 1998, Vol.145-149, p.399-404.

    152. HONG Youshi* and QIAO Yu. Stochastic analysis of localized damage for short fatigue cracks, Damage and Fracture Mechanics, Proceedings of Fifth International Conference on Localised Damage (LD98), June 1998, p.121-130.

    153. 乔宇,洪友士. 基于局域分析的裂纹群体损伤演化随机模型. 《力学学报》, 1998, Vol. 30, no.5, p.564-571.

    154. 傅敏,洪友士. 金属间化合物的微、细观结构和力学性能. 《金属材料研究》, 1998, Vol. 24, no.3, p.10-23.

    155. HONG Youshi*, QIAO Yu, LIU Na and ZHENG Xiuhua, Effect of grain size on collective damage of short cracks and fatigue life estimation for a stainless steel. Fatigue & Fracture of Engineering Materials & Structures, 1998, Vol.21, no.11, p.1317-1326.

    156. HONG Youshi and QIAO Yu, Intrinsic dimension dependence on collective damage in fatigue of steels. Proceedings of the First Sino-France Workshop on Prospect of Advanced Materials Towards 21st Century, Xi’an, January 1998.

    157. HONG Youshi*, GU Ziyan, FANG Biao and BAI Yilong, Collective evolution characteristics and computer simulation of short fatigue cracks. Philosophical Magazine A, 1997, Vol.75, no.6, p.1517-1531.

    158. HONG Youshi* and ZHENG Xiuhua, Experimental investigation on evolution process of dimpled fracture. Proceedings of 9th International Conference on Fracture, April 1997, Vol.5, p.2441-2448.

    159. 余寿文, 段祝平, 洪友士. 现代材料工艺力学的若干问题. 现代力学与科技进步学术大会, 中国力学学会40周年学术大会文集, 特邀报告, 1997年8月, Vol.1, p.85-91.

    160. 洪友士,乔宇. 疲劳短裂纹群体损伤的随机分析. 第八届全国疲劳学术会议文集, 特邀报告, 西安, 1997年10月, p.38-45.

    161. 洪友士. 材料力学性能的内禀尺度效应. 中国科学院青年学者研讨会-凝聚态物理与低维材料文集,庐山,1997年7月.

    162. 洪友士. 疲劳与断裂中细观损伤的群体响应. 《内蒙古工业大学学报》, 1997, Vol.16, no.3, p.2-7.

    163. 乔宇,洪友士. 短裂纹群体行为及疲劳寿命预测. 《力学进展》, 1997, Vol.27, no.4, p.489-503.

    164. QIAO Yu and HONG Youshi. A Theoretical analysis on stochastic behaviour of short cracks and fatigue damage of metals. Acta Mechanica Solida Sinica, 1997, Vol.10, no.4, p.352-358.

    165. 黄涛, 李国琛, 洪友士, 熊电元. 材料分岔的数值分析. 《力学学报》, 1996, Vol.28. p.164-170.

    166. 洪友士,乔宇. 短裂纹群体损伤演化. 走向21世纪的中国力学 (中国科协第9次“青年科学家论坛”报告文集), 1996年5月, p. 40-49.

    167. HONG Youshi. Description of collective damage for short fatigue cracks in structural steels. Proceedings of China-U.S. Young Investigators Workshop on Emerging Trends in Mechanics and Process of Advanced Materials, Beijing, August 1996, p.32-35.

    168. 洪友士*,顾子晏, 沈还, 杨明江. YAG激光毛化对40Cr钢拉伸性能和疲劳寿命的影响, '96中国材料研讨会文集, 分会邀请报告, 1996年11月, Vol.II-1, p.3-7.

    169. 乔宇,洪友士. 疲劳短裂纹数密度分布的稳定性分析. '96中国材料研讨会文集, 1996年11月, Vol.II-1, p.102-106.

    170. 董雁瑾,洪友士. SiC颗粒增强Al基复合材料力学行为的研究进展. '96中国材料研讨会文集, 1996年11月, Vol.II-1, p.48-53.

    171. FANG Biao, HONG Youshi and BAI Yilong. Experimental and theoretical study on numerical density evolution of short fatigue cracks. Acta Mechanica Sinica, 1995, Vol.11, p.144-152.

    172. HONG Youshi*, FANG Biao, GU Ziyan and BAI Yilong. Computer simulation on the evolution process of short cracks. Proceedings of 7th International Conference on Mechanical Behaviour of Materials, May 1995, p.449-450.

    173. 洪友士*,顾子晏,方飙. 疲劳短裂纹萌生的损伤特征和计算机模拟. 《机械强度》, 1995, Vol.17, No.3, p.88-93.

    174. 洪友士*,顾子晏,方飙. 疲劳短裂纹损伤群体演化行为研究. 第七届全国疲劳学术会议文集, 特邀报告, 1995年10月, p.1-8.

    175. HONG Youshi* and LU Yonghua. Failure analysis on fracture of steering gear case bolts. Proceedings of International Conference on Failure Analysis and Prevention, June 1995, p.552-556.

    176. ZHU Chen, HONG Youshi and LI Guochen. Characteristics of shear banding in a dual-phase steel. Materials Science and Technology, 1993, Vol.9, p.1037-1043.

    177. ZHU Chen, HONG Youshi, LI Guochen and GU Ziyan. Shear-band localization in a dual-phase steel. Proceedings of the First Asia-Oceania International Symposium on Plasticity. August 1993, p.241-248.

    178. 洪友士,方飙. 短裂纹萌生和发展的细观过程和理论. 《力学进展》, 1993, Vol. 23, 468-486.

    179. 洪友士,李国琛. 疲劳短裂纹的取向规律和分形特性. 第六届全国疲劳学术会议文集, 1993年8月, p.211-214.

    180. 洪友士. 裂尖孔洞损伤演化的细观观察和分析. 第七届全国断裂学术会议文集,1993年11月, p.287-289.

    181. 方飙,洪友士,董飞. 疲劳短裂纹行为的计算机模拟. 第五届全国物理力学会议文集, 1993 年 8 月, p.8-9.

    182. 吕永华,洪友士,李云笃,历小静. 吉普汽车转向机固定螺栓断裂失效分析. 《机械工程材料》, 1992, Vol.16, p.53-58.

    183. LI Guochen, LIU Hongqiu, DU Mingliang, HONG Youshi and ZHANG Xi. Crack tip behaviour and crack propagation in ductile materials. Fatigue & Fracture of Engineering Materials & Structures, 1992, Vol.15, p.187-202.

    184. HONG Youshi*, BROWN M. W. and MILLER K. J. Fatigue crack growth from a circular notch under high levels of biaxial stress. Fatigue & Fracture of Engineering Materials & Structures, 1992, Vol.15, p.1185-1197.

    185. HONG Youshi*, MILLER K. J. and BROWN M. W. Complex stress functions and plastic zone sizes for notch cracks subjected to various loading conditions. Fatigue & Fracture of Engineering Materials & Structures, 1991, Vol.14, p.237-258.

    186. HONG Youshi, LU Yonghua and ZHENG Zhemin. Orientation preference and fractal character of short fatigue cracks in a weld metal. Journal of Materials Science, 1991, Vol.26, p.1821-1826.

    187. FAUCHER B., TYSON W. R. and HONG Youshi. Dependence of ductile fracture toughness of a weld metal on notch root radius and inclusion content. International Journal of Fracture, 1990, Vol.46, p.173-184.

    188. HONG Youshi, LU Yonghua and ZHENG Zhemin. Short fatigue crack behaviour in iso-stress specimens. Acta Metallurgica Sinica, Ser. A, 1990, Vol.3, p.276-281.

    189. HONG Youshi, TYSON W. R. and FAUCHER B. Effect of rare earth additions on fracture properties of 2.25Cr-1Mo steels. Acta Metallurgica Sinica, Ser. A, 1989, Vol.2, p.63-68.

    190. 洪友士,吕永华,郑哲敏. 等应力试样中的疲劳短裂纹特征,细观力学试验技术与计算方法研讨会文集, 1989年6月,西安.

    191. HONG Youshi, LU Yonghua and ZHENG Zhemin. Initiation and propagation of short fatigue cracks in a weld metal. Fatigue & Fracture of Engineering Materials & Structures, 1989, Vol.12, p.323-331.

    192. 叶裕恭,洪友士. 韧性断裂裂纹尖端的物理特性和力学行为. 《力学进展》, 1989, Vol.19, p.320-335.

    193. 叶裕恭,洪友士. 韧断裂尖的物理特性和力学行为. 第二届中国材料研讨会论文集 (下册), 1988年, 武汉, p.295.

    194. XIA Xiaoxin, YANG Gengyu, HONG Youshi and LI Guochen. Tests and analysis on the ductile fracture of axisymmetric specimens. Mechanical Behaviour of Materials, Proceedings of ICM5, June 1987, Vol.1, p.199-204.

    195. HONG Youshi, TYSON W. R. and FAUCHER B. Further investigation on macro- and micro-characteristics of 2.25Cr-1Mo steels with and without RE additions. Mechanical Behaviour of Materials, Proceedings of ICM5, June 1987, Vol.1, p.357-364.

    196. XIA Xiaoxin, HONG Youshi and BAI Yilong. On the relationship between J-integral value and microscopic parameters of a high carbon low alloy steel. Presented at the Joint China-France Seminar on Material Science, May 1986, Shanghai, China.

    197. 洪友士. 合金材料韧性断裂的表征、孔洞成核准则和断裂模型. 《力学进展》, 1986, Vol.16, p.349-362.

    198. HONG Youshi* and LIANG Kaiming. An investigation on stress corrosion cracking (SCC) behaviour of Cr-Mo steels. Advances in Fracture Research, Proceedings of ICF6, December 1984, Vol.4, p.2403-2410.

    199. HONG Youshi*, YE Yugong and XIA Xiaoxin. The effects of the size of the second phase particles on the mechanical properties of a low alloy steel. Mechanical Behaviour of Materials, Proceedings of ICM4, August 1983, Vol.2, p.849-855.

    200. 梁开明,洪友士等. 碳含量和回火温度对低合金高强钢应力腐蚀开裂性能的影响. 《金属热处理学报》, 1982, Vol.3, p.84-94.

    201. 洪友士,梁开明等. 不同碳量和回火温度的Cr-Mo结构钢的断裂韧性. 《金属制品》 , 1981, No.5, p.6-11.

    202. 洪友士,梁开明等. 不同碳量和回火温度的Cr-Mo结构钢的断裂韧性研究. 1980年11月, 全国材料力学性能会议论文.

    203. 梁开明,洪友士等. 低合金Cr-Mo系钢碳含量对应力腐蚀特性的影响. 1980年11月, 全国材料力学性能会议论文.

     

    204. HONG Youshi, MAZZOLANI Federico M. and GAO Fuping. (Editors) Proceedings of First International Symposium on Archimedes Bridge (ISAB-2010), Elsevier, Procedia Engineering, Vol.4, 2010.

    205. 洪友士(主编),《应用力学进展(祝贺郑哲敏先生八十华诞应用力学学术报告会论文集)》科学出版社,北京,2004年9月.

     

    206. 洪友士. 在没有路的地方求索和攀登.《科学新闻》, 2006, no.1, p.4-6.

    207. 洪友士. 力学研究所五十年. 《力学进展》, 2006, Vol.36, no.1, p.1-6.

    208. 洪友士. 郑哲敏对应用力学和技术科学的贡献。《力学进展》, 2005, Vol.35, no.1, p.1-4.

    209. 洪友士. 郑哲敏先生的主要经历与成就―《应用力学进展》主编:洪友士,科学出版社,北京,2004年9月, p.1-12.

    210. 洪友士. 钱学森物理力学思想与力学所的材料力学性能研究. 《钱学森科学贡献暨学术思想研讨会论文集》中国科学技术出版社,2001年12月, p.184-189.

    211. 洪友士. 应用力学和技术科学的开拓者和领路人— 著名力学家郑哲敏院士。《中国科学院院刊》, 2004, Vol.19, no.6, p.468-471.

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